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Understanding Due Diligence Report

Tanvi Fal Dessai


The topic of financial due diligence is incredibly vast, and each role of financial due diligence varies from acquisition to acquisition. It is necessary to note that financial due diligence is not necessarily an audit because it has a more significant amount of scope. At the old financial results of an organization, a due diligence evaluation emerges and offers a competent and unbiased view of the future. An outline of due diligence would clarify the changes observed within the organizational consequences of the enterprise.

Here is an overview of the article:

  • What is financial due diligence?
  • Why is it important?
  • What is the objective of financial due diligence?
  • Methods of financial due diligence
  • Deliverables or reports in financial due diligence

What is Financial Due Diligence?

When a buyer wishes to purchase an entity, financial due diligence is usually carried out. In this case, the client needs to provide information about the company and the financial position it is in. Consequently, financial due diligence may be described as an assignment in which an in-depth analysis and assessment is performed to determine the key issues that go into the target’s economic business. To check the historical and expected profits and cash flows are a strong priority of business drivers. The due diligence report will also examine the balance sheet and full benefit and loss statements in depth. We see many forms of due diligence in practice (DD).

Perhaps, it is an owner or business person who spends days, if not weeks, personally reviewing his financial books. But for extensive or more detailed transactions, we can rely on a specialist external entity to carry out an impartial financial due diligence process.

The significance of Financial Due Diligence

A financial analysis of the target is essential. It is crucial to assure a customer and consider what risks occur in the business. An asset (purchase) contract means that the recipient is not moved to the historic legal obligation. Compared to a sale where the shares are bought, this may mean that financial due diligence is shorter or less comprehensive. In other circumstances, however, this does not always need to be the case. It is also imperative to recognize the financial results value factors and ensure that future earnings will be sustainable.

The pursuits of Financial Due Diligence

The due diligence process is far more than a standard checklist of protocols to approve the planned acquisition. A financial due diligence analysis, when conducted well, contains useful evidence to justify the potential purchase. There have been many examples where a lousy purchase expense has been avoided by doing professional financial due diligence. 

Generally, financial due diligence has the following goals:

  • Get a clear understanding of the company’s historical financial condition and the correctness of the numbers published.
  • Make sure that the ‘skeletons in the closet’ are not concealed (reveal financial risks)
  • Absolute comprehension of the balance sheet of the target firm (assets and liabilities including contingent liabilities)
  • A full perception of the profit and loss of the target business (are the company’s historical profits sustainable in the future?)
  • Foresee the future outcome of the financial condition of the goal (to ensure a realistic valuation and a justification of the purchase price)
  • Determine if it is possible to realize planned synergies (and further substantiated)
  • Get an opinion on the price of the purchase. The DD may also act as a base for further price negotiations (often seen in practice)
  • See if there are any content deal-breakers (identify early issues that you need to address to combine businesses successfully)  
  • Get an idea of the assurances the buyer can ask for in the SPA.
  • Using an external firm’s financial due diligence study to attain bank financing
  • To fine-tune the business strategy, and prepare the post-acquisition integration plan, use the financial due diligence report.

Methods of Financial Due Diligence

Via several different approaches, financial due diligence can be undertaken. A review of financial statements, interviews with key personnel, order forecasts, sector, industry data, or benchmarking analyses, among other methods, are the most common methods. For financial due diligence, there’s no ideal case. It is often a balance between results, expenses, and the amount of necessary data. Independent advisors or persons must carry out economic diligence or people that can offer a separate view. This is crucial to provide a financial due diligence report that gives a fair, transparent, and impartial opinion. Either internally, through the acquirers’ own accounting and finance department, or by external professional due diligence experts, a financial due diligence review can be conducted.

Deliverables included in Financial Due Diligence:

The deliverables for a project of financial due diligence will vary immensely. In general, getting a report prepared is nice. In reality, though, we see all sorts of activities being carried out and reports being generated. Here are some of the contents of a typical study on financial due diligence:

  • Financial situation study
  • An executive overview of primary conclusions
  • Summary and functioning of financial market drivers, including future risks
  • Before Interest Taxes Depreciation and Amortisation (EBITDA adjustments)
  • Sales profit study of related sectors
  • Study and offer an opinion on the viability of these financial predictions.
  • Audited financial statements for the target organization with the auditor’s view for the past fiscal year(s)
  • Comparison of the projected budgets of last year relative to the real results
  • Details of the previous calendar year(s) capital spending and a check on the forecasted CAPEX
  • Cash flow-analyse cash flow (CAPEX, OPEX, and further required capital)
  • Assessment of future forecasts for executives

Contact us:

Call us for a free brainstorming session and guidance on your preparations for financial due diligence. We will explore ways to organize the financial due diligence process better.

Expert Team

  • Ali Chamas

  • Audit Manager
  • Adel Farag

  • Taxation Manager
  • Farah

  • Accounting and tax Associate
  • Sohaib Basharat

  • Financial Auditor & Tax Manager

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